04 May 2021
04 May 2021
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal SE.

Multi-array analysis of volcano-seismic signals at Fogo and Brava, Cape Verde

Carola Leva, Georg Rümpker, and Ingo Wölbern Carola Leva et al.
  • Institute of Geosciences, Goethe-University Frankfurt, Altenhöferallee 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Abstract. Seismic arrays provide tools for the localization of events without clear phases or events outside of the network, where the station coverage prohibits classical localization techniques. Beamforming allows the determination of the direction (backazimuth) and the horizontal (apparent) velocity of an incoming wavefront. Here we combine multiple arrays to retrieve event epicenters from the area of intersecting beams without the need to specify a velocity model. The analysis is performed in the time-domain, which allows to select a relatively narrow time window around the phase of interest while preserving frequency bandwidth. This technique is applied to earthquakes and hybrid events in the region of Fogo and Brava, two islands of the southern chain of the Cape Verde archipelago. The results show that the earthquakes mainly originate near Brava whereas the hybrid events are located on Fogo. By multiple-event beam-stacking we are able to further constrain the locations of the hybrid events in the north-western part of the collapse scar of Fogo. In previous studies, these events were attributed to shallow hydrothermal processes. However, we obtain relatively high apparent velocities at the arrays, pointing to either deeper sources or to complex ray paths. For a better understanding of possible errors of the multi-array analysis, we also compare slowness values obtained from the array analysis with those derived from earthquake locations from classical (local network) localizations. In general, the results agree well, however, the arrays also show some aberrations that can be quantified for certain event locations.

Carola Leva et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on se-2021-52', Javier Almendros, 18 Jun 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Carola Leva, 06 Jul 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on se-2021-52', Anonymous Referee #2, 22 Jun 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Carola Leva, 06 Jul 2021

Carola Leva et al.

Data sets

FoMapS: Seismic investigation of the Fogo magmatic plumbing system, Cape Verde, using multi-array techniques Wölbern, I.; Rümpker, G.

Carola Leva et al.


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Short summary
The seismicity of Fogo and Brava, Cape Verde, is dominated by volcano-tectonic earthquakes in the area of Brava and volcanic seismic signals, such as hybrid events, on Fogo. We locate these events using a multi-array analysis, which allows the localization of seismic events occurring outside the network and of volcanic signals lacking clear phases. We observe exceptionally high apparent velocities for the hybrid events, located on Fogo. These velocities are likely caused by a complex ray path.