Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-2021-108
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-2021-108

  24 Sep 2021

24 Sep 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal SE.

REEs associated with carbonatite-alkaline complexes in western Rajasthan, India: exploration targeting at regional-scale

Malcolm Aranha1, Alok Porwal1,2, Manikandan Sundaralingam3, Ignacio González-Álvarez2,4, Amber Markan3, and Karunakar Rao3 Malcolm Aranha et al.
  • 1Centre of Studies in Resources Engineering (CSRE), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, 400076, India
  • 2Centre for Exploration Targeting, University of Western Australia, Crawley, 6009, Australia
  • 3Datacode, Nagpur, 440033, India
  • 4Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Mineral Resources, Kensington, 6151, Australia

Abstract. A two-stage fuzzy inference system (FIS) is applied to prospectivity modelling and exploration-target delineation for REE deposits associated with carbonatite-alkaline complexes in western part of the state of Rajasthan in India. The design of the FIS and selection of the input predictor map are guided by a generalised conceptual model of carbonatite-alkaline-complexes-related REE mineral systems. In the first stage, three FISs are constructed to map the fertility and favourable geodynamic settings, favourable lithospheric architecture, and favourable shallow crustal (near-surface) architecture, respectively, for REE deposits in the study area. In the second stage, the outputs of the above FISs are integrated to map the prospectivity of REE deposits in the study area. Stochastic and systemic uncertainties in the output prospectivity maps are estimated to facilitate decision making regarding the selection of exploration targets. The study led to identification of prospective targets in the Kamthai-Sarnu-Dandeli and Mundwara regions, where project-scale detailed ground exploration is recommended. Low-confidence targets were identified in the south of the Siwana ring complex, north and northeast of Sarnu-Dandeli, south of Barmer, and south of Mundwara. Detailed geochemical sampling and high-resolution magnetic and radiometric surveys are recommended in these areas to increase the level of confidence in the prospectivity of these targets before undertaking project-scale ground exploration. The prospectivity-analysis workflow presented in this paper can be applied to delineation of exploration targets in geodynamically similar regions globally such as Afar province (East Africa), Paraná-Etendeka (South America and Africa), Siberian (Russia), East European Craton-Kola (Eastern Europe), Central Iapetus (North America, Greenland and the Baltic region), and the Pan-superior province (North America).

Malcolm Aranha et al.

Status: open (until 05 Nov 2021)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on se-2021-108', Michael Anenburg, 04 Oct 2021 reply
    • AC1: 'Reply on CC1', Malcolm Aranha, 15 Oct 2021 reply

Malcolm Aranha et al.

Malcolm Aranha et al.

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Short summary
Rare Earth Elements (REEs) are considered critical mineral resources for future industrial growth due to their short supply and rising demand. This study applied an artificial intelligence-based technique to target potential REE-deposit hosting areas in western Rajasthan, India. Uncertainties associated with the prospective targets were also estimated to aid decision-making. The presented workflow can be applied to similar regions elsewhere to locate potential zones of REE mineralisation.