(D)rifting into the future: the relevance of rifts and divergent margins in the 21st century
(D)rifting into the future: the relevance of rifts and divergent margins in the 21st century
Editor(s): Frank Zwaan, Tiago Alves, Patricia Cadenas Martínez, Mohamed Gouiza, Jordan J. J. Phethean, and Susanne Buiter

Continental rifting is a fundamental aspect of the Earth's plate tectonic cycle, leading to the development of rift basins and eventually to continental break-up as well as the formation of divergent margins and new oceans. Studying rift basins and divergent margins is of great importance since they comprise the most complete record of global change on Earth, encompassing the geochemical (and geodynamic) variations that accompany the break-up of continents. In parallel, they contain both widely investigated and still unexplored and unassessed natural resources, which are all crucial for a successful energy transition, whilst also representing one of the main loci of geohazards on Earth. In order to keep improving our knowledge of rifting, continental break-up processes, and divergent margin formation, as well as to cover the current and future needs of global society, we need to continue expanding and developing our scientific approaches as well as to further explore new ideas and challenge established interpretations.

This special issue aims to approach the study of extensional tectonics and continental break-up from a novel and dynamic viewpoint by compiling state-of-the-art research from varied Earth science disciplines, with a specific interest in research relevant to the (future) needs of our global society. We invite general and case studies with a focus on (but not limited to) three main subtopics detailed below, and we especially welcome contributions that build bridges between these topics:

• rift and divergent margin development,

• geo-resources (past, present, and future), geo-storage, and sustainability; and

• natural and induced hazards.

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05 Apr 2024
Extensional fault geometry and evolution within rifted margin hyper-extended continental crust leading to mantle exhumation and allochthon formation
Júlia Gómez-Romeu and Nick Kusznir
Solid Earth, 15, 477–492, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-477-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-477-2024, 2024
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14 Feb 2024
Linked and fully coupled 3D earthquake dynamic rupture and tsunami modeling for the Húsavík–Flatey Fault Zone in North Iceland
Fabian Kutschera, Alice-Agnes Gabriel, Sara Aniko Wirp, Bo Li, Thomas Ulrich, Claudia Abril, and Benedikt Halldórsson
Solid Earth, 15, 251–280, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-251-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-251-2024, 2024
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05 Feb 2024
Multiple phase rifting and subsequent inversion in the West Netherlands Basin: implications for geothermal reservoir characterization
Annelotte Weert, Kei Ogata, Francesco Vinci, Coen Leo, Giovanni Bertotti, Jerome Amory, and Stefano Tavani
Solid Earth, 15, 121–141, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-121-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-121-2024, 2024
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07 Dec 2023
Oblique rifting triggered by slab tearing: the case of the Alboran rifted margin in the eastern Betics
Marine Larrey, Frédéric Mouthereau, Damien Do Couto, Emmanuel Masini, Anthony Jourdon, Sylvain Calassou, and Véronique Miegebielle
Solid Earth, 14, 1221–1244, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-14-1221-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/se-14-1221-2023, 2023
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28 Nov 2023
Geomorphic expressions of active rifting reflect the role of structural inheritance: A new model for the evolution of the Shanxi Rift, North China
Malte Froemchen, Ken J. W. McCaffrey, Mark B. Allen, Jeroen van Hunen, Thomas B. Phillips, and Yueren Xu
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2563,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2563, 2023
Preprint under review for SE (discussion: final response, 3 comments)
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24 Nov 2023
(D)rifting in the 21st century: Key processes, natural hazards and geo-resources
Frank Zwaan, Tiago Alves, Patricia Cadenas, Mohamed Gouiza, Jordan Phethean, Sascha Brune, and Anne Glerum
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2548,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2548, 2023
Revised manuscript under review for SE (discussion: final response, 5 comments)
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24 Nov 2023
Crustal Softening at Propagating Rift Tips, East Africa
Folarin Kolawole and Rasheed Ajala
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.22541/essoar.168869169.98437293/v3,https://doi.org/10.22541/essoar.168869169.98437293/v3, 2023
Revised manuscript under review for SE (discussion: final response, 6 comments)
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16 Nov 2023
Along-strike variation of volcanic addition controlling post breakup sedimentary infill: Pelotas margin, Austral South Atlantic
Marlise Colling Cassel, Nick Kusznir, Gianreto Manatschal, and Daniel Sauter
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2584,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2584, 2023
Preprint under review for SE (discussion: final response, 4 comments)
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16 Nov 2023
Magma-poor continent-ocean transition zones of the southern North Atlantic: a wide-angle seismic synthesis of a new frontier
J. Kim Welford
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2656,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2656, 2023
Revised manuscript under review for SE (discussion: final response, 6 comments)
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14 Nov 2023
Geodynamic controls on clastic-dominated base metal deposits
Anne Cathelijn Glerum, Sascha Brune, Joseph Michael Magnall, Philipp Weis, and Sarah A. Gleeson
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2518,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2518, 2023
Preprint under review for SE (discussion: final response, 3 comments)
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06 Nov 2023
Rift and plume: a discussion on active and passive rifting mechanisms in the Afro-Arabian rift based on synthesis of geophysical data
Ran Issachar, Peter Haas, Nico Augustin, and Jörg Ebbing
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2467,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2467, 2023
Revised manuscript under review for SE (discussion: final response, 9 comments)
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23 Oct 2023
Offshore seismicity clusters in the West Iberian Margin illustrated by 2 decades of events
Gabriela Fernández-Viejo, Carlos López-Fernández, and Patricia Cadenas
Solid Earth, 14, 1083–1101, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-14-1083-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/se-14-1083-2023, 2023
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25 Aug 2023
Evidence of extension at the southwest continental margin of India and opening of the Laccadive Basin: Constraints from geophysical data
Mathews George Gilbert, Parakkal Unnikrishnan, and Munukutla Radhakrishna
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-1757,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-1757, 2023
Revised manuscript under review for SE (discussion: final response, 4 comments)
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07 Aug 2023
The link between Somalian Plate rotation and the East African Rift System: an analogue modelling study
Frank Zwaan and Guido Schreurs
Solid Earth, 14, 823–845, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-14-823-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/se-14-823-2023, 2023
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05 Apr 2023
The influence of crustal strength on rift geometry and development – insights from 3D numerical modelling
Thomas B. Phillips, John B. Naliboff, Ken J. W. McCaffrey, Sophie Pan, Jeroen van Hunen, and Malte Froemchen
Solid Earth, 14, 369–388, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-14-369-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/se-14-369-2023, 2023
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14 Nov 2022
The Luangwa Rift Active Fault Database and fault reactivation along the southwestern branch of the East African Rift
Luke N. J. Wedmore, Tess Turner, Juliet Biggs, Jack N. Williams, Henry M. Sichingabula, Christine Kabumbu, and Kawawa Banda
Solid Earth, 13, 1731–1753, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-13-1731-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/se-13-1731-2022, 2022
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