Interpolation of magnetic anomalies over an oceanic ridge region using an equivalent source technique and crust age model constraint
Abstract. Marine magnetic surveys over oceanic ridge regions are of great interest for investigations of structure and evolution of oceanic crust, and have played a key role in developing the theory of plate tectonics (Dyment, 1993; Maus et al, 2007; Vine and Matthews, 1963). In this study, we propose an interpolation approach based on the dual-layer equivalent source model for the generation of a magnetic anomaly map based on sparse survey line data over oceanic ridge areas. In this approach, information from an ocean crust age model is utilized as constraint for the inversion procedure. The constraints can affect the magnetization distribution of equivalent sources following crust age. The results of synthetic tests show that the obtained magnetic anomalies have higher accuracy than those obtained by other interpolation methods. Meanwhile, considering the unclear on the true magnetization directions of sources and the background field in the synthetic model, well interpolation result can still be obtained. We applied the approach to magnetic data obtained from five survey lines east of the Southeast Indian Ridge. This prediction result is useful to improve the lithospheric magnetic field models WDMAMv2 and EMAG2v3, in the terms of spatial resolution and the consistency with observed data.
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