Articles | Volume 13, issue 6
Research article
29 Jun 2022
Research article |  | 29 Jun 2022

3D high-resolution seismic imaging of the iron oxide deposits in Ludvika (Sweden) using full-waveform inversion and reverse time migration

Brij Singh, Michał Malinowski, Andrzej Górszczyk, Alireza Malehmir, Stefan Buske, Łukasz Sito, and Paul Marsden

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Cited articles

Adamczyk, A., Malinowski, M., and Malehmir, A.: High-resolution near-surface velocity model building using full-waveform inversion – a case study from southwest Sweden, Geophys. J. Int., 197, 1693–1704,, 2014. 
Adamczyk, A., Malinowski, M., and Górszczyk, A.: Full-waveform inversion of conventional Vibroseis data recorded along a regional profile from southeast Poland, Geophys. J. Int., 203, 351–365,, 2015. 
Afanasiev, M. V., Pratt, R. G., Kamei, R., and McDowell, G.: Waveform-based simulated annealing of crosshole transmission data: a semi-global method for estimating seismic anisotropy, Geophys. J. Int., 199, 1586–1607,, 2014. 
Al-Yahya, K.: Velocity analysis by iterative profile migration, Geophysics, 54, 718–729,, 1989. 
Baeten, G., Maag, J. W. de, Plessix, R.-E., Klaassen, R., Qureshi, T., Kleemeyer, M., ten, Kroode, F., and Rujie, Z.: The use of low frequencies in a full-waveform inversion and impedance inversion land seismic case study, Geophys. Prospec., 61, 701–711,, 2013. 
Short summary
Fast depletion of shallower deposits is pushing the mining industry to look for cutting-edge technologies for deep mineral targeting. We demonstrated a joint workflow including two state-of-the-art technologies: full-waveform inversion and reverse time migration. We produced Earth images with significant details which can help with better estimation of areas with high mineralisation, better mine planning and safety measures.