Articles | Volume 7, issue 2
Review article
10 Mar 2016
Review article |  | 10 Mar 2016

Soil indicators to assess the effectiveness of restoration strategies in dryland ecosystems

Edoardo A. C. Costantini, Cristina Branquinho, Alice Nunes, Gudrun Schwilch, Ilan Stavi, Alejandro Valdecantos, and Claudio Zucca

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Cited articles

Alef, K. and Nannipieri, P.: Methods in applied soil microbiology and biochemistry, Academic Press, 1995.
Bastida, F., Moreno, J. L., Hernandez, T., and García, C.: Microbiological degradation index of soils in a semiarid climate, Soil Biol. Biochem., 38, 3463–3473, 2006.
Benedetti, A. and Mocali, S.: Analisi a livello di suolo, Indicatori di biodiversità per la sostenibilità in agricoltura, 159–208, 2008.
Benedetti, A. and Mocali, S.: Exploring research frontiers in microbiology: the challenge of metagenomics in soil microbiology, Res. Microbiol., 161, 497–505, 2010.
Bird, S. B., Coulson, R. N., and Fisher, R. F.: Changes in soil and litter arthropod abundance following tree harvesting and site preparation in a loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantation, Forest Ecol. Manage., 202, 195–208, 2004.
Short summary
The success of restoration projects relies on a proper understanding of the relationships between soil, plants, hydrology, climate, and land management at different scales, which are particularly complex in drylands. Several soil indicators, which can be used to assess the effectiveness of restoration strategies in dryland ecosystems at different spatial and temporal scales, are discussed from different viewpoints of pedology, ecology, hydrology, and land management.