Articles | Volume 10, issue 4
Solid Earth, 10, 1219–1241, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-10-1219-2019
Solid Earth, 10, 1219–1241, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-10-1219-2019

Research article 29 Jul 2019

Research article | 29 Jul 2019

Distinct element geomechanical modelling of the formation of sinkhole clusters within large-scale karstic depressions

Djamil Al-Halbouni et al.

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Revised manuscript not accepted

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Cited articles

Abelson, M., Yechieli, Y., Baer, G., Lapid, G., Behar, N., Calvo, R., and Rosensaft, M.: Natural versus human control on subsurface salt dissolution and development of thousands of sinkholes along the Dead Sea coast, J. Geophys. Res.-Earth, 122, 1262–1277, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JF004219, 2017. 
Al-Halbouni, D., Holohan, E. P., Saberi, L., Alrshdan, H., Sawarieh, A., Closson, D., Walter, T. R., and Dahm, T.: Sinkholes, subsidence and subrosion on the eastern shore of the Dead Sea as revealed by a close-range photogrammetric survey, Geomorphology, 285, 305–324, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.02.006, 2017. 
Al-Halbouni, D., Holohan, E. P., Taheri, A., Schöpfer, M. P. J., Emam, S., and Dahm, T.: Geomechanical modelling of sinkhole development using distinct elements: model verification for a single void space and application to the Dead Sea area, Solid Earth, 9, 1341–1373, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-9-1341-2018, 2018. 
Atzori, S., Antonioli, A., Salvi, S., and Baer, G.: InSAR-based modeling and analysis of sinkholes along the Dead Sea coastline, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 8383–8390, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL066053, 2015. 
Bartov, Y.: Lake Levels and Sequence Stratigraphy of Lake Lisan, the Late Pleistocene Precursor of the Dead Sea, Quaternary Res., 57, 9–21, https://doi.org/10.1006/qres.2001.2284, 2002. 
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Short summary
A 2-D numerical modelling approach to simulate the mechanical formation of sinkhole cluster inside large-scale karstic depressions is presented. Different multiple cavity growth scenarios at depth are compared regarding the mechanical process and collapse style. The outcomes of the models are compared to results from remote sensing and geophysics for an active sinkhole area in the Dead Sea region.