Articles | Volume 11, issue 6
Research article
05 Nov 2020
Research article |  | 05 Nov 2020

Spatiotemporal history of fault–fluid interaction in the Hurricane fault, western USA

Jace M. Koger and Dennis L. Newell

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Subject area: Crustal structure and composition | Editorial team: Geochemistry, mineralogy, petrology, and volcanology | Discipline: Geochemistry
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Cited articles

Anderson, R. E. and Mehnert, H. H.: Reinterpretation of the history of the Hurricane fault in Utah, in: Basin and Range Symposium, edited by: Newman, G. W., Rocky Mountain Association of Geologist and Utah Geological Association, Denver, CO, 145–165, 1976. 
Armstrong, R. L.: Sevier orogenic belt in Nevada and Utah, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 79, 429–458, 1968. 
Axen, G. J., Taylor, W. J., and Bartley, J. M.: Space-time patterns and tectonic controls of Tertiary extension and magmatism in the Great Basin of the western United States, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 105, 56–76, 1993. 
Baedecker, M. J., Cozzarelli, I. M., Eganhouse, R. P., Siegel, D. I., and Bennett, P. C.: Crude oil in a shallow sand and gravel aquifer – III. Biogeochemical reactions and mass balance modeling in anoxic groundwater, Appl. Geochem., 8, 569–586, 1993. 
Bahr, C. W.: Virgin oil field, Washington County, Utah, in: Guidbook to the geology of southwestern Utah: Transition between basin-range and Colorado plateau provinces, edited by: Heylmun, E. B., Intermountain Association of Petroleum Geologists, Salt Lake City, 169–171, 1963. 
Short summary
The Hurricane fault is a major and active normal fault located in the southwestern USA. This study utilizes the geochemistry and dating of calcite veins associated with the fault to characterize ancient groundwater flow. Results show that waters moving along the fault over the last 540 000 years were a mixture of infiltrating fresh water and deep, warm salty groundwater. The formation of calcite veins may be related to ancient earthquakes, and the fault influences regional groundwater flow.