Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
Solid Earth, 12, 483–502, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-12-483-2021

Special issue: State of the art in mineral exploration

Solid Earth, 12, 483–502, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-12-483-2021
Research article
24 Feb 2021
Research article | 24 Feb 2021

Sparse 3D reflection seismic survey for deep-targeting iron oxide deposits and their host rocks, Ludvika Mines, Sweden

Alireza Malehmir et al.

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Three-dimensional reflection seismic imaging of the iron oxide deposits in the Ludvika mining area, Sweden, using Fresnel volume migration
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Revised manuscript under review for SE
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Subject area: Crustal structure and composition | Editorial team: Seismics, seismology, geoelectrics, and electromagnetics | Discipline: Geophysics
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Cited articles

Adam, E., Perron, G., Arnold, G., Matthews, L., and Milkeriet, B.: 3D seismic imaging for VMS deposit exploration, Matagami, Quebec, in: Hardrock seismic exploration, edited by: Eaton, D. W., Milkereit, B., and Salisbury, M. H., SEG, Tulsa, USA, 2003. 
Beasley, C. J. and Klotz, R.: Equalization of DMO for Irregular Spatial Sampling, SEG, New Orleans, 970–973, 1992. 
Balestrini, F., Draganov, D., Malehmir, A., Marsden, P., and Ghose, R.: Improved target illumination at Ludvika mines of Sweden through seismic-interferometric noise reduction, Geophys. Prospect., 68, 200–213, 2020. 
Bellefleur, G., Schetselaar, E., White, D., Miah, K., and Dueck, P.: 3D seismic imaging of the Lalor volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Manitoba, Canada, Geophys. Prospect., 63, 813–832, 2015. 
Bellefleur, G., Malinowski, M., and Urosevic, M.: Editorial for Special Issue “Seismic Methods in Mineral Exploration”, Minerals, 9, 630, https://doi.org/10.3390/min9100630, 2019. 
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Short summary
A smooth transition toward decarbonization demands access to more minerals of critical importance. Europe has a good geology for many of these mineral deposits, but at a depth requiring sensitive, environmentally friendly, and cost-effective methods for their exploration. In this context, we present a sparse 3D seismic dataset that allowed identification of potential iron oxide resources at depth and helped to characterise key geological structures and a historical tailing in central Sweden.