Articles | Volume 12, issue 3
Research article
04 Mar 2021
Research article |  | 04 Mar 2021

Contrasting exhumation histories and relief development within the Three Rivers Region (south-east Tibet)

Xiong Ou, Anne Replumaz, and Peter van der Beek

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Cited articles

Bai, M., Chevalier, M.-L., Pan, J., Replumaz, A., Leloup, P.-H., Metois, M., and Li, H.: Southeastward increase of the late Quaternary slip-rate of the Xianshuihe fault, eastern Tibet: Geodynamic and seismic hazard implications, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 485, 19–31,, 2018. 
Bermúdez, M. A., van der Beek, P., and Bernet, M.: Asynchronous Miocene-Pliocene exhumation of the central Venezuelan Andes, Geology, 39, 139–142,, 2011. 
Braun, J.: Quantifying the effect of recent relief changes on age-elevation relationships, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 200, 331–343,, 2002. 
Braun, J.: Pecube: a new finite-element code to solve the 3D heat transport equation including the effects of a time-varying, finite amplitude surface topography, Comput. Geosci. 29, 787–794,, 2003. 
Braun, J., van der Beek, P., Valla, P., Robert, X., Herman, F., Glotzbach, C., Pedersen, V., Perry, C., Simon-Labric, T., and Prigent, C.: Quantifying rates of landscape evolution and tectonic processes by thermochronology and numerical modeling of crustal heat transport using PECUBE, Tectonophysics, 524/525, 1–28,, 2012. 
Short summary
The low-relief, mean-elevation Baima Xueshan massif experienced slow exhumation at a rate of 0.01 km/Myr since at least 22 Ma and then regional rock uplift at 0.25 km/Myr since ~10 Ma. The high-relief, high-elevation Kawagebo massif shows much stronger local rock uplift related to the motion along a west-dipping thrust fault, at a rate of 0.45 km/Myr since at least 10 Ma, accelerating to 1.86 km/Myr since 1.6 Ma. Mekong River incision plays a minor role in total exhumation in both massifs.