Articles | Volume 13, issue 10
Research article
21 Oct 2022
Research article |  | 21 Oct 2022

The role of edge-driven convection in the generation ofvolcanism – Part 2: Interaction with mantle plumes, applied to the Canary Islands

Antonio Manjón-Cabeza Córdoba and Maxim D. Ballmer

Model code and software

Source code and input files for SE-2020-22 Antonio Manjón-Cabeza Córdoba and Maxim Ballmer

Video supplement

Supplementary video to Egusphere-2022-15 Antonio Manjón-Cabeza Córdoba and Maxim Ballmer

Short summary
The origin of many volcanic archipelagos on the Earth remains uncertain. By using 3D modelling of mantle flow and melting, we investigate the interaction between the convective mantle near the continental–oceanic transition and rising hot plumes. We believe that this phenomenon is the origin behind some archipelagos, in particular the Canary Islands. Analysing our results, we reconcile observations that were previously enigmatic, such as the complex patterns of volcanism in the Canaries.