Articles | Volume 6, issue 2
Research article
22 Apr 2015
Research article |  | 22 Apr 2015

Elemental quantification, chemistry, and source apportionment in golf course facilities in a semi-arid urban landscape using a portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometer

T. K. Udeigwe, J. Young, T. Kandakji, D. C. Weindorf, M. A. Mahmoud, and M. H. Stietiya

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Cited articles

Biasioli, M., Barberis, R., and Ajmone-Marsan, F.: The influence of a large city on some soil properties and metals content, Sci. Total Environ., 356, 154–164, 2006.
Bradl, H. B.: Adsorption of heavy metal ions on soils and soils constituents, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 277, 1–18, 2004.
Clark, J. J. and Knudsen, A. C.: Extent, characterization, and sources of soil lead contamination in small-urban residential neighborhoods, J. Environ. Qual., 42, 1498–1506, 2014.
Dragovic, S., Mihailovic, N., and Gajic, B.: Heavy metals in soils: distribution, relationship with soil characteristics and radionuclides and multivariate assessment of contamination sources, Chemosphere, 72, 491–495, 2008.
Evangelou, V. P.: Environmental Soil and Water Chemistry: Principles and Applications, John Wiley & Sons. Inc., New York, 1998.
Short summary
This study extends the application of the portable X-ray fluorescence (PXRF) spectrometry to semiarid urban landscapes. PXRF findings indicated strong positive relationships among elements and between elements and soil constituents, particularly in the non-managed areas with less anthropogenic influences. As, Cr, Fe, Mn, and Ni could be of lithogenic origin, while Cu, Pb, and Zn are due to anthropogenic influences. PXRF proves to be valuable tool for the rapid examination of elemental chemistry.