Articles | Volume 7, issue 2
Research article
09 Mar 2016
Research article |  | 09 Mar 2016

Alleviating aluminum toxicity in an acid sulfate soil from Peninsular Malaysia by calcium silicate application

A. A. Elisa, S. Ninomiya, J. Shamshuddin, and I. Roslan

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Cited articles

Auxtero, E. A. and Shamshuddin, J.: Growth of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) seedlings on acid sulfate soils as affected by water regime and aluminium, Plant Soil, 137, 243–257, 1991.
Barcelo, J., Guevara, P., and Poschenriede, C.: Silicon amelioration of aluminium toxicity in teosinte (Zea mays L. ssp. Mexicana), Plant Soil, 154, 249–255, 1993.
Baylis, A. D., Gragopoulou, C., Davidson, K. J., and Birchall, J. D.: Effects of silicon on the toxicity of aluminium to soybean, Commun. Soil Sci. Plant, 25, 537–546, 1994.
Bowen, P., Menzies, J., and Ehret, D.: Soluble silicon sprays inhibit powdery mildew development on grape leaves, J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 117, 906–912, 1992.
Cerda, A.: Relationship between climate and soil hydrological and erosional characteristics along climatic gradients in Mediterranean limestone areas, Geomorphology, 25, 123–134, 1998.
Short summary
The main problem of acid sulfate soil is that it has a low soil pH and contains a high amount of aluminum (Al). There have been several approaches to improve this soil. In this study, the application of calcium silicate was found to be a suitable soil ameliorant as it alleviated Al toxicity below the critical level for rice production, as well as also providing a sufficient amount of silicon (Si) and calcium (Ca), which are also needed for rice growth.