Articles | Volume 9, issue 3
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-9-573-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-9-573-2018
Research article
 | 
04 May 2018
Research article |  | 04 May 2018

Sedimentary mechanisms of a modern banded iron formation on Milos Island, Greece

Ernest Chi Fru, Stephanos Kilias, Magnus Ivarsson, Jayne E. Rattray, Katerina Gkika, Iain McDonald, Qian He, and Curt Broman

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Latest update: 19 Jul 2024
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Short summary
Banded iron formations (BIFs) are chemical sediments last seen in the marine sedimentary record ca. 600 million years ago. Here, we report on the formation mechanisms of a modern BIF analog in the Cape Vani sedimentary basin (CVSB) on Milos Island, Greece, demonstrating that rare environmental redox conditions, coupled to submarine hydrothermal activity and microbial processes, are required for these types of rocks to form in the modern marine biosphere.