Articles | Volume 9, issue 3
Research article
04 May 2018
Research article |  | 04 May 2018

Sedimentary mechanisms of a modern banded iron formation on Milos Island, Greece

Ernest Chi Fru, Stephanos Kilias, Magnus Ivarsson, Jayne E. Rattray, Katerina Gkika, Iain McDonald, Qian He, and Curt Broman

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Cited articles

Alain, K., Holler, T., Musat, F., Elvert, M., Treude, T., and Kruger M.: Microbiological investigation of methane- and hydrocarbon-discharging mud volcanoes in the Carpathian Mountains, Romania, Environ. Microbiol., 8, 574–590, 2006.
Alfieris, D.: Geological, geochemical and mineralogical studies of shallow submarine epithermal mineralization in an emergent volcanic edifice, at Milos Island (western side), Greece, PhD thesis, Department of Geosciences at Universität Hamburg, 2006.
Alfieris, D. and Voudouris, P.: Ore mineralogy of transitional submarine magnatic-hydrothermal deposits in W. Milos Island, Greece, Bulg. Acad. Sci., 43, 1–6, 2005.
Alfieris, D., Voudouris, P., and Spry, P.: Shallow submarine epithermal Pb–Zn–Cu–Au–Ag–Te mineralization on western Milos Island, Aegean Volcanic Arc, Greece: Mineralogical, geological and geochemical constraints, Ore Geol. Rev., 53, 159–180, 2013.
Anand, R. R., Paine, M., and Smith, R. E.: Genesis, Classification and Atlas of Ferruginous Materials, Yilgarn Craton, CRC LEME Open File Report, vol. 13, CSIRO Exploration and Mining, Perth, 2002.
Short summary
Banded iron formations (BIFs) are chemical sediments last seen in the marine sedimentary record ca. 600 million years ago. Here, we report on the formation mechanisms of a modern BIF analog in the Cape Vani sedimentary basin (CVSB) on Milos Island, Greece, demonstrating that rare environmental redox conditions, coupled to submarine hydrothermal activity and microbial processes, are required for these types of rocks to form in the modern marine biosphere.