Articles | Volume 12, issue 5
Solid Earth, 12, 1165–1184, 2021
Solid Earth, 12, 1165–1184, 2021
Research article
25 May 2021
Research article | 25 May 2021

Rock alteration at the post-Variscan nonconformity: implications for Carboniferous–Permian surface weathering versus burial diagenesis and paleoclimate evaluation

Fei Liang et al.

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Cited articles

Anderson, S. P., Dietrich, W. E., and Brimhall, G. H.: Weathering profiles, mass-balance analysis, and rates of solute loss: Linkages between weathering and erosion in a small, steep catchment, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 114, 1143–1158,<1143:wpmbaa>;2, 2002. 
Babechuk, M. G., Widdowson, M., Murphy, M., and Kamber, B. S.: A combined Y/Ho, high field strength element (HFSE) and Nd isotope perspective on basalt weathering, Deccan Traps, India, Chem. Geol., 396, 25–41,, 2015. 
Bauluz, B., Mayayo, M. J., Yuste, A., and González López, J. M.: Genesis of kaolinite from Albian sedimentary deposits of the Iberian Range (NE Spain): analysis by XRD, SEM and TEM, Clay Miner., 43, 459–475,, 2008. 
Becker, A., Schwarz, M., and Schäfer, A.: Lithostratigraphische Korrelation des Rotliegend im östlichen Saar-Nahe-Becken (Lithostratigraphic Correlation of the Rotliegend in the eastern Saar-Nahe Basin), Jber. u. Mitt. Oberrhein. Geol. Vereins, 94, 105–133,, 2012. 
Behrmann, J. H., Ziegler, P. A., Schmid, S. M., Heck, B., and Granet, M.: The EUCOR-URGENT project, Upper Rhine Graben: Evolution and neotectonics, Int. J. Earth Sci., 94, 505–506,, 2005. 
Short summary
In this study, we conclude that surface weathering is a primary control on rock characteristics and also guides fluids through the system during deep burial process. We also find that the formation of the rock decomposition zone depends on rock composition, climatic conditions and the duration of the process. Finally and most importantly, we provide a workflow for data reliability analysis for paleoclimate research.