Articles | Volume 12, issue 8
Research article
20 Aug 2021
Research article |  | 20 Aug 2021

Vectors to ore in replacive volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) deposits of the northern Iberian Pyrite Belt: mineral zoning, whole rock geochemistry, and application of portable X-ray fluorescence

Guillem Gisbert, Fernando Tornos, Emma Losantos, Juan Manuel Pons, and Juan Carlos Videira

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Subject area: The evolving Earth surface | Editorial team: Geochemistry, mineralogy, petrology, and volcanology | Discipline: Geochemistry
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Cited articles

Almodóvar, G. R., Sáez, R., Pons, J. M., Maestre, A., Toscano, M., and Pascual, E.: Geology and genesis of the Aznalcóllar massive sulphide deposits, Iberian Pyrite Belt, Spain, Miner. Depos., 33, 111–136,, 1998. 
Ames, D. E., Galley, A. G., Kjarsgaard, I. M., Tardif, N., and Taylor, B. T.: Hanging-wall vectoring for buried volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits, Paleoproterozoic Flin Flon mining camp, Manitoba, Canada, Econ. Geol., 111, 963–1000,, 2016. 
Ballantyne, G. H.: Chemical and mineralogical variations in propylitic zones surrounding porphyry copper deposits, PhD, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, 208 pp., 1981. 
Barrett, T. J., MacLean, W. H., and Årebäck, H.: The Palaeoproterozoic Kristineberg VMS deposit, Skellefte district, northern Sweden. Part II: chemostratigraphy and alteration, Miner. Depos., 40, 368–395,, 2005. 
Barrett, T. J., Dawson, G. L., and MacLean, W. H.: Volcanic Stratigraphy, Alteration, and Sea-Floor Setting of the Paleozoic Feitais Massive Sulfide Deposit, Aljustrel, Portugal, Econ. Geol., 103, 215–239,, 2008. 
Short summary
We performed a detailed study of the rocks surrounding a major Zn–Pb–Cu ore deposit in southwestern Spain in order to characterize the behaviour of chemical elements in the influence area of the hydrothermal system that produced the deposit. Based on this information we propose new ways of detecting the nearby presence of ore deposits of this kind during exploration, thus improving our ability to detect new resources and contributing to securing the future supply of metals for our society.