Articles | Volume 14, issue 11
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-14-1155-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-14-1155-2023
Research article
 | 
01 Nov 2023
Research article |  | 01 Nov 2023

The role of continental lithospheric thermal structure in the evolution of orogenic systems: application to the Himalayan–Tibetan collision zone

Mengxue Liu, Dinghui Yang, and Rui Qi

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Short summary
The continuous subduction mainly occurs with a relatively cold overriding lithosphere (Tmoho ≤ 450 °C), while slab break-off dominates when the model has a relatively hot procontinental Moho temparature (Tmoho ≥ 500 °C). Hr is more prone to facilitating the deformation of the lithospheric upper part than altering the collision mode. The lithospheric thermal structure may have played a significant role in the development of Himalayan–Tibetan orogenic lateral heterogeneity.