Articles | Volume 11, issue 4
Solid Earth, 11, 1361–1374, 2020

Special issue: Faults, fractures, and fluid flow in the shallow crust

Solid Earth, 11, 1361–1374, 2020

Research article 22 Jul 2020

Research article | 22 Jul 2020

Stress field orientation controls on fault leakage at a natural CO2 reservoir

Johannes M. Miocic et al.

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Preface: Special issue from the Division on Energy, Resources and the Environment at EGU2020: Sharing geoscience online
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Uncertainty in fault seal parameters: implications for CO2 column height retention and storage capacity in geological CO2 storage projects
Johannes M. Miocic, Gareth Johnson, and Clare E. Bond
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Subject area: The evolving Earth surface | Editorial team: Rock deformation, geomorphology, morphotectonics, and paleoseismology | Discipline: Structural geology
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Solid Earth, 11, 1617–1641,,, 2020
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Cited articles

Alcalde, J., Flude, S., Wilkinson, M., Johnson, G., Edlmann, K., Bond, C. E., Scott, V., Gilfillan, S. M. V., Ogaya, X., and Haszeldine, R. S.: Estimating geological CO2 storage security to deliver on climate mitigation, Nat. Commun., 9, 2201,, 2018. 
Aldrich, M. J. and Laughlin, A. W.: A model for the tectonic development of the Southeastern Colorado Plateau Boundary, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea., 89, 10207–10218,, 1984. 
Allan, U. S.: Model for hydrocarbon migration and entrapment within faulted structures, AAPG Bull., 73, 803–811, 1989. 
Allis, R., Bergfeld, D., Moore, J., McClure, K., Morgan, C., Chidsey, T., Heath, J., and McPherson, B.: Implications of results from CO2 flux surveys over known CO2 systems for long-term monitoring, in: Fourth Annual Conference on Carbon Capture and Sequestration, DOE/NETL, Alexandria, Virginia, USA, 2005. 
Allis, R. G., Moore, J., and White, S. P.: Reactive Multiphase behavior of CO2 in Saline Aquifers beneath the Colorado Plateau, Quaterly Technical Report, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, 2004. 
Short summary
At the St. Johns Dome, Arizona, CO2 naturally occurs in the subsurface, but there are travertine rocks on the surface which are an expression of CO2 leakage to the surface. These travertine deposits occur along faults, zones where the rock layers are fractured and displaced. In our research, we use geomechanical analysis to show that the CO2 leakage occurs at points where the faults are likely to be permeable due to the orientation of the geological stress field in the subsurface.