Articles | Volume 12, issue 5
Solid Earth, 12, 1211–1232, 2021
Solid Earth, 12, 1211–1232, 2021

Research article 31 May 2021

Research article | 31 May 2021

Looking beyond kinematics: 3D thermo-mechanical modelling reveals the dynamics of transform margins

Anthony Jourdon et al.

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Cited articles

Agostini, A., Corti, G., Zeoli, A., and Mulugeta, G.: Evolution, pattern, and partitioning of deformation during oblique continental rifting: Inferences from lithospheric-scale centrifuge models, Geochem. Geophy. Geosy., 10, 11,, 2009. 
Allken, V., Huismans, R. S., and Thieulot, C.: Factors controlling the mode of rift interaction in brittle-ductile coupled systems: A 3D numerical study, Geochem. Geophy. Geosy., 13, 1–18,, 2012. 
Ammann, N., Liao, J., Gerya, T., and Ball, P.: Oblique continental rifting and long transform fault formation based on 3D thermomechanical numerical modeling, Tectonophysics, 746, 106–120,, 2017. 
Atwater, T. and Stock, J.: Pacific North America plate tectonics of the Neogene southwestern United States: an update, Int. Geol. Rev., 40, 375–402,, 1998. 
Basile, C.: Tectonophysics Transform continental margins – part 1: Concepts and models, Tectonophysics, 661, 1–10,, 2015. 
Short summary
The borders between oceans and continents, called margins, can be convergent, divergent, or horizontally sliding. The formation of oceans occurs in a divergent context. However, some divergent margin structures display an accommodation of horizontal sliding during the opening of oceans. To study and understand how the horizontal sliding part occurring during divergence influences the margin structure, we performed 3D high-resolution numerical models evolving during tens of millions of years.