Articles | Volume 10, issue 6
Research article
15 Nov 2019
Research article |  | 15 Nov 2019

The imprints of contemporary mass redistribution on local sea level and vertical land motion observations

Thomas Frederikse, Felix W. Landerer, and Lambert Caron

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Related subject area

Subject area: The evolving Earth surface | Editorial team: Geodesy, gravity, and geomagnetism | Discipline: Geodesy
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Cited articles

Bamber, J. L., Westaway, R. M., Marzeion, B., and Wouters, B.: The Land Ice Contribution to Sea Level during the Satellite Era, Environ. Res. Lett., 13, 063008,, 2018. a, b
Blewitt, G., Kreemer, C., Hammond, W. C., and Gazeaux, J.: MIDAS Robust Trend Estimator for Accurate GPS Station Velocities without Step Detection, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea., 121, 2054–2068,, 2016. a
Blewitt, G., Hammond, W., and Kreemer, C.: Harnessing the GPS Data Explosion for Interdisciplinary Science, Eos, 99,, 2018. a
Boening, C., Willis, J. K., Landerer, F. W., Nerem, R. S., and Fasullo, J.: The 2011 La Niña: So Strong, the Oceans Fell, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L19602,, 2012. a, b
Bos, M. S., Fernandes, R. M. S., Williams, S. D. P., and Bastos, L.: Fast Error Analysis of Continuous GNSS Observations with Missing Data, J. Geodesy, 87, 351–360,, 2013 (data available at: (last access: 25 July 2019). a, b
Short summary
Due to ice sheets and glaciers losing mass, and because continents get wetter and drier, a lot of water is redistributed over the Earth's surface. The Earth is not completely rigid but deforms under these changes in the load on top. This deformation affects sea-level observations. With the GRACE satellite mission, we can measure this redistribution of water, and we compute the resulting deformation. We use this computed deformation to improve the accuracy of sea-level observations.