Articles | Volume 10, issue 3
Solid Earth, 10, 599–619, 2019
Solid Earth, 10, 599–619, 2019

Research article 13 May 2019

Research article | 13 May 2019

Time-lapse gravity and levelling surveys reveal mass loss and ongoing subsidence in the urban subrosion-prone area of Bad Frankenhausen, Germany

Martin Kobe et al.

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Cited articles

Al-Halbouni, D., Holohan, E. P., Saberi, L., Alrshdan, H., Sawarieh, A., Closson, D., Walter, T. R., and Dahm, T.: Sinkholes, subsidence and subrosion on the eastern shore of the Dead Sea as revealed by a close-range photogrammetric survey, Geomorphology, 285, 305–324,, 2017. a
Al-Halbouni, D., Holohan, E. P., Taheri, A., Schöpfer, M. P. J., Emam, S., and Dahm, T.: Geomechanical modelling of sinkhole development using distinct elements: model verification for a single void space and application to the Dead Sea area, Solid Earth, 9, 1341–1373,, 2018. a
Augarde, C. E., Lyamin, A. V., and Sloan, S. W.: Prediction of Undrained Sinkhole Collapse, J. Geotech. Geoenviron., 129, 197–205,, 2003. a
Aurit, M. D., Peterson, R. O., and Blanford, J. I.: A GIS Analysis of the Relationship between Sinkholes, Dry-Well Complaints and Groundwater Pumping for Frost-Freeze Protection of Winter Strawberry Production in Florida, PLoS ONE, 8, e53832,, 2013. a
Beaudoing, H. and Rodell, M.: GLDAS Noah Land Surface Model L4 monthly 0.25 x 0.25 degree V2.1, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), NASA/GSFC/HSL,, 2016. a, b
Short summary
Subrosion, i.e. the underground leaching of soluble rocks, causes disastrous sinkhole events worldwide. We investigate the accompanying mass transfer using quarter-yearly time-lapse gravity campaigns over 4 years in the town of Bad Frankenhausen, Germany. After correcting for seasonal soil water content, we find evidence of underground mass loss and attempt to quantify its amount. This is the first study of its kind to prove the feasibility of this approach in an urban area.