Articles | Volume 11, issue 3
Research article
20 May 2020
Research article |  | 20 May 2020

Potential influence of overpressurized gas on the induced seismicity in the St. Gallen deep geothermal project (Switzerland)

Dominik Zbinden, Antonio Pio Rinaldi, Tobias Diehl, and Stefan Wiemer

Related authors

Selection and Characterisation of the Target Fault for Fluid-Induced Activation and Earthquake Rupture Experiments
Peter Achtziger-Zupančič, Alberto Ceccato, Alba Simona Zappone, Giacomo Pozzi, Alexis Shakas, Florian Amann, Whitney Maria Behr, Daniel Escallon Botero, Domenico Giardini, Marian Hertrich, Mohammadreza Jalali, Xiaodong Ma, Men-Andrin Meier, Julian Osten, Stefan Wiemer, and Massimo Cocco
EGUsphere,,, 2024
Short summary
Towards a dynamic earthquake risk framework for Switzerland
Maren Böse, Laurentiu Danciu, Athanasios Papadopoulos, John Clinton, Carlo Cauzzi, Irina Dallo, Leila Mizrahi, Tobias Diehl, Paolo Bergamo, Yves Reuland, Andreas Fichtner, Philippe Roth, Florian Haslinger, Frédérick Massin, Nadja Valenzuela, Nikola Blagojević, Lukas Bodenmann, Eleni Chatzi, Donat Fäh, Franziska Glueer, Marta Han, Lukas Heiniger, Paulina Janusz, Dario Jozinović, Philipp Kästli, Federica Lanza, Timothy Lee, Panagiotis Martakis, Michèle Marti, Men-Andrin Meier, Banu Mena Cabrera, Maria Mesimeri, Anne Obermann, Pilar Sanchez-Pastor, Luca Scarabello, Nicolas Schmid, Anastasiia Shynkarenko, Bozidar Stojadinović, Domenico Giardini, and Stefan Wiemer
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 583–607,,, 2024
Short summary
The communication strategy for the release of the first European Seismic Risk Model and the updated European Seismic Hazard Model
Irina Dallo, Michèle Marti, Nadja Valenzuela, Helen Crowley, Jamal Dabbeek, Laurentiu Danciu, Simone Zaugg, Fabrice Cotton, Domenico Giardini, Rui Pinho, John F. Schneider, Céline Beauval, António A. Correia, Olga-Joan Ktenidou, Päivi Mäntyniemi, Marco Pagani, Vitor Silva, Graeme Weatherill, and Stefan Wiemer
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 291–307,,, 2024
Short summary
Gas equilibrium membrane inlet mass spectrometry (GE-MIMS) for water at high pressure
Matthias S. Brennwald, Antonio P. Rinaldi, Jocelyn Gisiger, Alba Zappone, and Rolf Kipfer
Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 13, 1–8,,, 2024
Short summary
Towards a Harmonized Operational Earthquake Forecasting Model for Europe
Marta Han, Leila Mizrahi, and Stefan Wiemer
EGUsphere,,, 2024
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject area: Tectonic plate interactions, magma genesis, and lithosphere deformation at all scales | Editorial team: Seismics, seismology, paleoseismology, geoelectrics, and electromagnetics | Discipline: Seismology
Global seismic energy scaling relationships based on the type of faulting
Quetzalcoatl Rodríguez-Pérez and F. Ramón Zúñiga
Solid Earth, 15, 229–249,,, 2024
Short summary
The 2022 MW 6.0 Gölyaka–Düzce earthquake: an example of a medium-sized earthquake in a fault zone early in its seismic cycle
Patricia Martínez-Garzón, Dirk Becker, Jorge Jara, Xiang Chen, Grzegorz Kwiatek, and Marco Bohnhoff
Solid Earth, 14, 1103–1121,,, 2023
Short summary
A new seismicity catalogue of the eastern Alps using the temporary Swath-D network
Laurens Jan Hofman, Jörn Kummerow, Simone Cesca, and the AlpArray–Swath-D Working Group
Solid Earth, 14, 1053–1066,,, 2023
Short summary
Two subduction-related heterogeneities beneath the Eastern Alps and the Bohemian Massif imaged by high-resolution P-wave tomography
Jaroslava Plomerová, Helena Žlebčíková, György Hetényi, Luděk Vecsey, Vladislav Babuška, and AlpArray-EASI and AlpArray working groups
Solid Earth, 13, 251–270,,, 2022
Short summary
Basin inversion: reactivated rift structures in the central Ligurian Sea revealed using ocean bottom seismometers
Martin Thorwart, Anke Dannowski, Ingo Grevemeyer, Dietrich Lange, Heidrun Kopp, Florian Petersen, Wayne C. Crawford, Anne Paul, and the AlpArray Working Group
Solid Earth, 12, 2553–2571,,, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

Alber, M. and Backers, T.: Erforschung der Mechanismen und Simulation hydraulisch induzierter Risse in geklüfteten Gesteinen für die Optimierung des Aufschlusses geothermischer Lagerstätten, Abschlussbericht zum Verbundprojekt, geomecon GmbH, Berlin, Germany, available at: (last access: 15 May 2020), 2015. a, b, c, d, e, f, g
Altwegg, P., Schill, E., Abdelfettah, Y., Radogna, P.-V., and Mauri, G.: Toward fracture porosity assessment by gravity forward modeling for geothermal exploration (Sankt Gallen, Switzerland), Geothermics, 57, 26–38,, 2015. a
Baisch, S., Rothert, E., Stang, H., Vörös, R., Koch, C., and McMahon, A.: Continued geothermal reservoir stimulation experiments in the cooper basin (Australia), Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 105, 198–209,, 2015. a
Breede, K., Dzebisashvili, K., Liu, X., and Falcone, G.: A systematic review of enhanced (or engineered) geothermal systems: past, present and future, Geotherm. Energ., 1, 1–27,, 2013. a
Catalli, F., Rinaldi, A. P., Gischig, V., Nespoli, M., and Wiemer, S.: The importance of earthquake interactions for injection-induced seismicity: Retrospective modeling of the Basel Enhanced Geothermal System, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 4992–4999,, 2016. a, b, c, d, e, f
Short summary
The deep geothermal project in St. Gallen, Switzerland, aimed at generating electricity and heat. The fluid pumped into the underground caused hundreds of small earthquakes and one larger one felt by the local population. Here we use computer simulations to study the physical processes that led to the earthquakes. We find that gas present in the subsurface could have intensified the seismicity, which may have implications for future geothermal projects conducted in similar geological conditions.