Articles | Volume 9, issue 6
Research article
23 Nov 2018
Research article |  | 23 Nov 2018

Geomechanical modelling of sinkhole development using distinct elements: model verification for a single void space and application to the Dead Sea area

Djamil Al-Halbouni, Eoghan P. Holohan, Abbas Taheri, Martin P. J. Schöpfer, Sacha Emam, and Torsten Dahm

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Dynamics of hydrological and geomorphological processes in evaporite karst at the eastern Dead Sea – a multidisciplinary study
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Sinkholes and uvalas in evaporite karst: spatio-temporal development with links to base-level fall on the eastern shore of the Dead Sea
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Shear wave reflection seismic yields subsurface dissolution and subrosion patterns: application to the Ghor Al-Haditha sinkhole site, Dead Sea, Jordan
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Preprint withdrawn

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Cited articles

Abelson, M., Yechieli, Y., Baer, G., Lapid, G., Behar, N., Calvo, R., and Rosensaft, M.: Natural versus human control on subsurface salt dissolution and development of thousands of sinkholes along the Dead Sea coast, J. Geophys. Res.-Earth, 122, 1262–1277,, 2017.
Al-Halbouni, D., Holohan, E. P., Saberi, L., Alrshdan, H., Sawarieh, A., Closson, D., Walter, T. R., and Dahm, T.: Sinkholes, subsidence and subrosion on the eastern shore of the Dead Sea as revealed by a close-range photogrammetric survey, Geomorphology, 285, 305–324,, 2017.
Arkin, A. and Gilat, Y.: Dead Sea sinkholes – an ever-developing hazard, Environ. Geol., 39, 711–722, 2000.
Baryakh, A. A., Stazhevskii, S. B., Timofeev, E. A., and Khan, G. N.: Strain state of a rock mass above Karst cavities, J. Min. Sci., 44, 531–538, 2008.
Baryakh, A. A., Rusin, E. P., Stazhevsky, S. B., Fedoseev, A. K., and Khan, G. N.: Stress-strain state of Karst areas, J. Min. Sci., 45, 3–10, 2009.
Short summary
Sinkholes are round depression features in the ground that can cause high economic and life loss. On the Dead Sea shoreline, hundreds of sinkholes form each year driven by the fall of the water level and subsequent out-washing and dissolution of loose sediments. This study investigates the mechanical formation of sinkholes by numerical modelling. It highlights the role of material strength in the formation of dangerous collapse sinkholes and compares it to findings from a field site in Jordan.