Articles | Volume 10, issue 3
Review article
 | Highlight paper
19 Jun 2019
Review article | Highlight paper |  | 19 Jun 2019

Induced seismicity in geologic carbon storage

Víctor Vilarrasa, Jesus Carrera, Sebastià Olivella, Jonny Rutqvist, and Lyesse Laloui

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Subject area: Tectonic plate interactions, magma genesis, and lithosphere deformation at all scales | Editorial team: Seismics, seismology, paleoseismology, geoelectrics, and electromagnetics | Discipline: Seismology
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Cited articles

Alam, M. M., Hjuler, M. L., Christensen, H. F., and Fabricius, I. L.: Petrophysical and rock-mechanics effects of CO2 injection for enhanced oil recovery: Experimental study on chalk from South Arne field, North Sea, J. Petrol. Sci. Eng., 122, 468–487,, 2014. 
Alcalde, J., Martí, D., Calahorrano, A., Marzán, I., Ayarza, P., Carbonell, R., Juhlin, C., and Pérez-Estaún, A.: Active seismic characterization experiments of the Hontomín research facility for geological storage of CO2, Spain, Int. J. Greenh. Gas Con., 19, 785–795,, 2013. 
Alcalde, J., Marzán, I., Saura, E., Martí, D., Ayarza, P., Juhlin, C., Pérez-Estaún, A., and Carbonell, R.: 3D geological characterization of the Hontomín CO2 storage site, Spain: Multidisciplinary approach from seismic, well-log and regional data, Tectonophysics, 627, 6–25,, 2014. 
Bakker, E., Hangx, S. J., Niemeijer, A. R., and Spiers, C. J.: Frictional behaviour and transport properties of simulated fault gouges derived from a natural CO2 reservoir, Int. J. Greenh. Gas Con., 54, 70–83,, 2016. 
Bao, J., Xu, Z., and Fang, Y.: A coupled thermal-hydro-mechanical simulation for carbon dioxide sequestration, Environ. Geotechnics, 3, 312–324, 2016. 
Short summary
To meet the goal of the Paris Agreement to limit temperature increase below 2 ºC, geologic carbon storage (GCS) will be necessary at the gigatonne scale. But to successfully deploy GCS, seismicity induced by CO2 injection should be controlled and maintained below a threshold that does not generate nuisances to the population. We conclude that felt induced seismicity can be minimized provided that a proper site characterization, monitoring and pressure management are performed.