Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
Solid Earth, 12, 299–317, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-12-299-2021

Special issue: Social seismology – the effect of COVID-19 lockdown measures...

Solid Earth, 12, 299–317, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-12-299-2021

Research article 02 Feb 2021

Research article | 02 Feb 2021

Seismic evidence of the COVID-19 lockdown measures: a case study from eastern Sicily (Italy)

Andrea Cannata et al.

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Subject area: The evolving Earth surface | Editorial team: Seismics, seismology, geoelectrics, and electromagnetics | Discipline: Seismology
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Cited articles

Anthony, R. E., Aster, R. C., and McGrath, D.: Links between atmosphere, ocean, and cryosphere from two decades of microseism observations on the Antarctic Peninsula, J. Geophys. Res.-Earth Surf., 122, 153–166, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JF004098, 2017. 
Apple: Mobility Trends Reports, available at: https://www.apple.com/covid19/mobility (last access: 05 June 2020), 2020. 
Ardhuin, F., Gualtieri, L., and Stutzmann, E.: How ocean waves rock the Earth: Two mechanisms explain microseisms with periods 3 to 300 s, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 765–772, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GL062782, 2015. 
Beauducel, F.: READHGT: Import/download NASA SRTM data files (HGT), MATLAB Central File Exchange, available at: https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/36379-readhgt-import-download-nasa-srtm-data-files-hgt (last access: 26 January 2021), 2020. 
Bormann, P. and Wielandt, E.: Seismic signals and noise, in: New Manual of Seismological Observatory Practice 2 (NMSOP2), 2nd edn., edited by: Bormann, P., GFZ, Potsdam, Germany, 1–62, 2013. 
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Short summary
During the COVID-19 pandemic, most countries put in place social interventions, aimed at restricting human mobility, which caused a decrease in the seismic noise, generated by human activities and called anthropogenic seismic noise. In densely populated eastern Sicily, we observed a decrease in the seismic noise amplitude reaching 50 %. We found similarities between the temporal patterns of seismic noise and human mobility, as quantified by mobile-phone-derived data and ship traffic data.