Articles | Volume 9, issue 6
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-9-1207-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-9-1207-2018
Research article
 | Highlight paper
 | 
05 Nov 2018
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 05 Nov 2018

The influence of upper-plate advance and erosion on overriding plate deformation in orogen syntaxes

Matthias Nettesheim, Todd A. Ehlers, David M. Whipp, and Alexander Koptev

Related authors

Interpreting cooling dates and histories from laser ablation in-situ (U-Th-Sm)/He thermochronometry
Christoph Glotzbach and Todd A. Ehlers
Geochronology Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/gchron-2024-12,https://doi.org/10.5194/gchron-2024-12, 2024
Preprint under review for GChron
Short summary
The effects of diachronous surface uplift of the European Alps on regional climate and the oxygen isotopic composition of precipitation
Daniel Boateng, Sebastian G. Mutz, Armelle Ballian, Maud J. M. Meijers, Katharina Methner, Svetlana Botsyun, Andreas Mulch, and Todd A. Ehlers
Earth Syst. Dynam., 14, 1183–1210, https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-14-1183-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-14-1183-2023, 2023
Short summary
Effects of seasonal variations in vegetation and precipitation on catchment erosion rates along a climate and ecological gradient: insights from numerical modeling
Hemanti Sharma and Todd A. Ehlers
Earth Surf. Dynam., 11, 1161–1181, https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-11-1161-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-11-1161-2023, 2023
Short summary
The effects of late Cenozoic climate change on the global distribution of frost cracking
Hemanti Sharma, Sebastian G. Mutz, and Todd A. Ehlers
Earth Surf. Dynam., 10, 997–1015, https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-10-997-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-10-997-2022, 2022
Short summary
Geomorphology and shallow sub-sea-floor structures underneath the Ekström Ice Shelf, Antarctica
Astrid Oetting, Emma C. Smith, Jan Erik Arndt, Boris Dorschel, Reinhard Drews, Todd A. Ehlers, Christoph Gaedicke, Coen Hofstede, Johann P. Klages, Gerhard Kuhn, Astrid Lambrecht, Andreas Läufer, Christoph Mayer, Ralf Tiedemann, Frank Wilhelms, and Olaf Eisen
The Cryosphere, 16, 2051–2066, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-2051-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-2051-2022, 2022
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject area: Tectonic plate interactions, magma genesis, and lithosphere deformation at all scales | Editorial team: Structural geology and tectonics, paleoseismology, rock physics, experimental deformation | Discipline: Tectonics
Rift and plume: a discussion on active and passive rifting mechanisms in the Afro-Arabian rift based on synthesis of geophysical data
Ran Issachar, Peter Haas, Nico Augustin, and Jörg Ebbing
Solid Earth, 15, 807–826, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-807-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-807-2024, 2024
Short summary
Propagating rifts: the roles of crustal damage and ascending mantle fluids
Folarin Kolawole and Rasheed Ajala
Solid Earth, 15, 747–762, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-747-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-747-2024, 2024
Short summary
Cretaceous–Paleocene extension at the southwestern continental margin of India and opening of the Laccadive basin: constraints from geophysical data
Mathews George Gilbert, Parakkal Unnikrishnan, and Munukutla Radhakrishna
Solid Earth, 15, 671–682, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-671-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-671-2024, 2024
Short summary
The effect of stiffness contrasts at faults on stress orientation
Moritz O. Ziegler, Robin Seithel, Thomas Niederhuber, Oliver Heidbach, Thomas Kohl, Birgit Müller, Mojtaba Rajabi, Karsten Reiter, and Luisa Röckel
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1109,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1109, 2024
Short summary
Extensional exhumation of cratons: insights from the Early Cretaceous Rio Negro–Juruena belt (Amazonian Craton, Colombia)
Ana Fonseca, Simon Nachtergaele, Amed Bonilla, Stijn Dewaele, and Johan De Grave
Solid Earth, 15, 329–352, https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-329-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/se-15-329-2024, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Adams, B. A. and Ehlers, T. A.: Deciphering topographic signals of glaciation and rock uplift in an active orogen: a case study from the Olympic Mountains, USA, Earth Surf. Proc. Land., 42, 1680–1692, https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4120, 2017.
Adams, B. A. and Ehlers, T. A.: Tectonic controls of Holocene erosion in a glaciated orogen, Earth Surf. Dynam. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-2018-9, in review, 2018.
Bathe, K.-J.: Finite element procedures in engineering analysis, Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1982.
Batt, G. E., Brandon, M. T., Farley, K. A., and Roden-Tice, M.: Tectonic synthesis of the Olympic Mountains segment of the Cascadia wedge, using two-dimensional thermal and kinematic modeling of thermochronological ages, J. Geophys. Res.-Solid, 106, 26731–26746, https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JB000288, 2001.
Bendick, R. and Ehlers, T. A.: Extreme localized exhumation at syntaxes initiated by subduction geometry, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 5861–5867, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GL061026, 2014.
Download
Short summary
In this modeling study, we investigate rock uplift at plate corners (syntaxes). These are characterized by a unique bent geometry at subduction zones and exhibit some of the world's highest rock uplift rates. We find that the style of deformation changes above the plate's bent section and that active subduction is necessary to generate an isolated region of rapid uplift. Strong erosion there localizes uplift on even smaller scales, suggesting both tectonic and surface processes are important.