Articles | Volume 9, issue 3
Research article
15 Jun 2018
Research article |  | 15 Jun 2018

The glacial isostatic adjustment signal at present day in northern Europe and the British Isles estimated from geodetic observations and geophysical models

Karen M. Simon, Riccardo E. M. Riva, Marcel Kleinherenbrink, and Thomas Frederikse

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Cited articles

Altamimi, Z., Collilieux, X., and Métivier, L.: ITRF2008: an improved solution of the international terrestrial reference frame, J. Geodesy., 85, 457–473,, 2011.
Argus, D. F., Peltier, W. R., Drummond, R., and Moore, A. W.: The Antarctica component of postglacial rebound model ICE-6G_C (VM5a) based on GPS positioning, exposure age dating of ice thicknesses, and relative sea level histories, Geophys. J. Int., 198, 537–563,, 2014.
Auriac, A., Whitehouse, P. L., Bentley, M. J., Patton, H., Lloyd, J. M., and Hubbard, A.: Glacial isostatic adjustment associated with the Barents Sea ice sheet: A modelling inter-comparison, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 147, 122–135,, 2016.
Blewitt, G., Kreemer, C., Hammond, W. C., and Gazeaux, J.: MIDAS robust trend estimator for accurate GPS station velocities without step detection, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea., 121, 2054–2068,, 2016.
Bradley, S. L., Milne, G. A., Shennan, I., and Edwards, R.: An improved glacial isostatic adjustment model for the British Isles, J. Quaternary Sci., 26, 541–552,, 2011.
Short summary
This study constrains the post-glacial rebound signal in Scandinavia and northern Europe via the combined inversion of prior forward model information with GPS-measured vertical land motion data and GRACE gravity data. The best-fit model for vertical motion rates has a χ2 value of ~ 1 and a maximum uncertainty of 0.3–0.4 mm yr−1. An advantage of inverse models relative to forward models is their ability to estimate formal uncertainties associated with the post-glacial rebound process.