Articles | Volume 11, issue 2
Research article
04 Mar 2020
Research article |  | 04 Mar 2020

Tectonic inheritance controls nappe detachment, transport and stacking in the Helvetic nappe system, Switzerland: insights from thermomechanical simulations

Dániel Kiss, Thibault Duretz, and Stefan Markus Schmalholz

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Cited articles

Argand, E.: Sur l'arc des Alpes occidentales, edited by: Bridel, G., 1916. a
Bailey, E. B.: Tectonic essays: mainly Alpine, edited by: Clarendon, P., 1935. a
Bauville, A. and Schmalholz, S. M.: Transition from thin-to thick-skinned tectonics and consequences for nappe formation: Numerical simulations and applications to the Helvetic nappe system, Switzerland, Tectonophysics, 665, 101–117, 2015. a, b
Bauville, A. and Schmalholz, S. M.: Tectonic inheritance and kinematic strain localization as trigger for the formation of the Helvetic nappes, Switzerland, Swiss J. Geosci., 110, 523–534, 2017. a, b, c, d
Bauville, A., Epard, J.-L., and Schmalholz, S. M.: A simple thermo-mechanical shear model applied to the Morcles fold nappe (Western Alps), Tectonophysics, 583, 76–87, 2013. a, b, c
Short summary
In this paper, we investigate the physical mechanisms of tectonic nappe formation by high-resolution numerical modeling. Tectonic nappes are key structural features of many mountain chains which are packets of rocks displaced, sometimes even up to 100 km, from their original position. However, the physical mechanisms involved are not fully understood. We solve numerical equations of fluid and solid dynamics to improve our knowledge. The results are compared with data from the Helvetic Alps.