Articles | Volume 12, issue 6
Solid Earth, 12, 1287–1307, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-12-1287-2021
Solid Earth, 12, 1287–1307, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-12-1287-2021
Research article
14 Jun 2021
Research article | 14 Jun 2021

Stress rotation – impact and interaction of rock stiffness and faults

Karsten Reiter

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Subject area: Tectonic plate interactions, magma genesis, and lithosphere deformation at all scales | Editorial team: Structural geology and tectonics, paleoseismology, rock physics, experimental deformation | Discipline: Tectonics
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Cited articles

Adams, J. and Bell, J. S.: Crustal Stresses in Canada, in: Neotectonics of North America, chap. 20, Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colorado, 367–386, 1991. a, b, c
Ahlers, S., Henk, A., Hergert, T., Reiter, K., Müller, B., Röckel, L., Heidbach, O., Morawietz, S., Scheck-Wenderoth, M., and Anikiev, D.: 3D crustal stress state of Western Central Europe according to a data-calibrated geomechanical model – first results, Solid Earth Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/se-2020-199, in review, 2020. a
Aichroth, B., Prodehl, C., and Thybo, H.: Crustal structure along the Central Segment of the EGT from seismic-refraction studies, Tectonophysics, 207, 43–64, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951(92)90471-H, 1992. a, b
Anderson, E. M.: The dynamics of faulting, Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 8, 387–402, https://doi.org/10.1144/transed.8.3.387, 1905. a
Anderson, E. M.: The Dynamics of Faulting and Dyke Formation with Application to Britain, 2nd edn., Oliver and Boyd, London and Edinburgh, 1951. a
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Short summary
The influence and interaction of elastic material properties (Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio), density and low-friction faults on the resulting far-field stress pattern in the Earth's crust is tested with generic models. A Young's modulus contrast can lead to a significant stress rotation. Discontinuities with low friction in homogeneous models change the stress pattern only slightly, away from the fault. In addition, active discontinuities are able to compensate stress rotation.