Articles | Volume 12, issue 10
Solid Earth, 12, 2425–2438, 2021

Special issue: Inversion tectonics – 30 years later

Solid Earth, 12, 2425–2438, 2021
Research article
 | Highlight paper
27 Oct 2021
Research article  | Highlight paper | 27 Oct 2021

The Subhercynian Basin: an example of an intraplate foreland basin due to a broken plate

David Hindle and Jonas Kley

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Subject area: Tectonic plate interactions, magma genesis, and lithosphere deformation at all scales | Editorial team: Structural geology and tectonics, paleoseismology, rock physics, experimental deformation | Discipline: Tectonics
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Cited articles

Allen, P. A., Homewood, P., and Williams, G. D.: Foreland basins: an introduction, in: Foreland basins, Inter. Assoc. Sediment. Spec. Publ., 8, 3–12,, 1986. a, b, c
Buiter, S. J. H.: Surface deformation resulting from subduction and slab detachment, Faculteit Aardwetenschappen, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, 2000. a
Burkhard, M. and Sommaruga, A.: Evolution of the western Swiss Molasse basin: structural relations with the Alps and the Jura belt, Geol. Soc. Lond. Spec. Publ., 134, 279–298,, 1998. a, b, c, d
Burov, E. B. and Diament, M.: The effective elastic thickness (Te) of continental lithosphere: What does it really mean?, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea., 100, 3905–3927,, 1995. a
Cobbold, P., Sadybakasov, E., and Thomas, J.: Cenozoic transpression and basin development, Kyrghyz Tienshan, Central Asia, in: Geodynamic Evolution of Sedimentary Basins, edited by: Roure, F., Ellouz, N., Shein, V. S., and Skvortsov, I., Technip, Paris, 181, 483 pp., 1996. a
Short summary
Central western Europe underwent a strange episode of lithospheric deformation, resulting in a chain of small mountains that run almost west–east across the continent and that formed in the middle of a tectonic plate, not at its edges as is usually expected. Associated with these mountains, in particular the Harz in central Germany, are marine basins contemporaneous with the mountain growth. We explain how those basins came to be as a result of the mountains bending the adjacent plate.