Articles | Volume 11, issue 5
Solid Earth, 11, 1891–1907, 2020

Special issue: Faults, fractures, and fluid flow in the shallow crust

Solid Earth, 11, 1891–1907, 2020

Research article 22 Oct 2020

Research article | 22 Oct 2020

Coherent diffraction imaging for enhanced fault and fracture network characterization

Benjamin Schwarz and Charlotte M. Krawczyk

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Cited articles

Bakhtiari Rad, P., Schwarz, B., Gajewski, D., and Vanelle, C.: Common-reflection-surface-based prestack diffraction separation and imaging, Geophysics, 83, S47–S55,, 2018. a
Bansal, R. and Imhof, M. G.: Diffraction enhancement in prestack seismic data, Geophysics, 70, V73–V79,, 2005. a
Barnes, A. E.: Handbook of poststack seismic attributes, Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 2016. a
Bauer, A., Schwarz, B., and Gajewski, D.: Enhancement of prestack diffraction data and attributes using a traveltime decomposition approach, Stud. Geophys. Geod., 60, 471–486,, 2016. a
Bauer, A., Schwarz, B., and Gajewski, D.: Utilizing diffractions in wavefront tomography, Geophysics, 82, R65–R73,, 2017. a, b
Short summary
Intricate fault and fracture networks cut through the upper crust, and their detailed delineation and characterization play an important role in the Earth sciences. While conventional geophysical sounding techniques only provide indirect means of detection, we present scale-spanning field data examples, in which coherent diffraction imaging – a framework inspired by optics and visual perception – enables the direct imaging of these crustal features at an unprecedented spatial resolution.