Articles | Volume 11, issue 6
Solid Earth, 11, 2169–2195, 2020

Special issue: Faults, fractures, and fluid flow in the shallow crust

Solid Earth, 11, 2169–2195, 2020

Research article 19 Nov 2020

Research article | 19 Nov 2020

Structural control on fluid flow and shallow diagenesis: insights from calcite cementation along deformation bands in porous sandstones

Leonardo Del Sole et al.

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Cited articles

Adams, A. and Diamond, L. W.: Early diagenesis driven by widespread meteoric infiltration of a Central European carbonate ramp: A reinterpretation of the Upper Muschelkalk, Sediment. Geol., 362, 37–52,, 2017. 
Alonso-Zarza, A. M.: Palaeoenvironmental significance of palustrine carbonates and calcretes in the geological record, Earth Sci. Rev., 60, 261–298,, 2003. 
Antonellini, M. and Aydin, A.: Effect of faulting on fluid flow in porous sandstones: petrophysical properties, AAPG Bull., 78, 355–377,, 1994. 
Antonellini, M., Aydin, A., and Pollard, D. D.: Microstructure of deformation bands in porous sandstones at Arches National Park, Utah, J. Struct. Geol., 16, 941–959,, 1994. 
Antonellini, M., Aydin, A., and Orr, L.: Outcrop-aided characterization of a faulted hydrocarbon reservoir: Arroyo Grande oil field, California, USA, in: Faults and Subsurface Fluid Flow in the Shallow Crust, edited by: Haneberg, W. C., Mozley, P. S., Moore, J. C., and Goodwin, L. B., American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, 113, 7–26,, 1999. 
Short summary
This study focuses on the impact of deformation bands on fluid flow and diagenesis in porous sandstones in two different case studies (northern Apennines, Italy; Provence, France) by combining a variety of multiscalar mapping techniques, detailed field and microstructural observations, and stable isotope analysis. We show that deformation bands buffer and compartmentalize fluid flow and foster and localize diagenesis, recorded by carbonate cement nodules spatially associated with the bands.