Articles | Volume 13, issue 5
Research article
17 May 2022
Research article |  | 17 May 2022

Three-dimensional reflection seismic imaging of the iron oxide deposits in the Ludvika mining area, Sweden, using Fresnel volume migration

Felix Hloušek, Michal Malinowski, Lena Bräunig, Stefan Buske, Alireza Malehmir, Magdalena Markovic, Lukasz Sito, Paul Marsden, and Emma Bäckström

Related authors

Imaging crustal structures through a passive seismic imaging approach in a mining area in Saxony, Germany
Hossein Hassani, Felix Hloušek, Stefan Buske, and Olaf Wallner
Solid Earth, 12, 2703–2715,,, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject area: Crustal structure and composition | Editorial team: Seismics, seismology, paleoseismology, geoelectrics, and electromagnetics | Discipline: Geophysics
Comparison of surface-wave techniques to estimate S- and P-wave velocity models from active seismic data
Farbod Khosro Anjom, Frank Adler, and Laura Valentina Socco
Solid Earth, 15, 367–386,,, 2024
Short summary
Post-Caledonian tectonic evolution of the Precambrian and Palaeozoic Platforms boundary zone offshore Poland based on the new and vintage multi-channel reflection seismic data
Quang Nguyen, Michal Malinowski, Stanisław Mazur, Sergiy Stovba, Małgorzata Ponikowska, and Christian Hübscher
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Short summary
Complex fault system revealed by 3-D seismic reflection data with deep learning and fault network analysis
Thilo Wrona, Indranil Pan, Rebecca E. Bell, Christopher A.-L. Jackson, Robert L. Gawthorpe, Haakon Fossen, Edoseghe E. Osagiede, and Sascha Brune
Solid Earth, 14, 1181–1195,,, 2023
Short summary
Advanced seismic characterization of a geothermal carbonate reservoir – insight into the structure and diagenesis of a reservoir in the German Molasse Basin
Sonja H. Wadas, Johanna F. Krumbholz, Vladimir Shipilin, Michael Krumbholz, David C. Tanner, and Hermann Buness
Solid Earth, 14, 871–908,,, 2023
Short summary
Electrical conductivity of anhydrous and hydrous gabbroic melt under high temperature and high pressure: implications for the high-conductivity anomalies in the mid-ocean ridge region
Mengqi Wang, Lidong Dai, Haiying Hu, Ziming Hu, Chenxin Jing, Chuanyu Yin, Song Luo, and Jinhua Lai
Solid Earth, 14, 847–858,,, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Allen, R. L., Lundström, I., Ripa, M., Simeonov, A., and Christofferson, H.: Facies analysis of a 1.9 Ga, continental margin, back arc felsic caldera province with diverse Zn-Pb-Ag-(Cu-Au) sulphide and Fe oxide deposits, Berslagen region, Sweden, Econ. Geol., 91, 979–1008, 1996. 
Bellefleur, G., Schetselaar, E., White, D., Miah, K., and Dueck, P.: 3D seismic imaging of the Lalor volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Manitoba, Canada, Geophys. Prospect., 63, 813–832,, 2015. 
Berverksstatistik: Statistics of the Swedish mining in-dustry 2013, Report of Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, (last access: 1 December 2021), 2013 (in Swedish, partly translated in English). 
Bräunig, L., Buske, S., Malehmir, A., Bäckström, E., Schön, M., and Marsden, P.: Seismic depth imaging of iron-oxide deposits and their host rocks in the Ludvika mining area of central Sweden, Geophys. Prospect., 68, 24–43,, 2019. 
Buske, S.: Three-dimensional pre-stack Kirchhoff migration of deep seismic reflection data, Geophys. J. Int., 137, 243–260, 1999. 
Short summary
Methods for mineral exploration play an important role within the EU. Exploration must be environmentally friendly, cost effective, and feasible in populated areas. Seismic methods have the potential to deliver detailed images of mineral deposits but suffer from these demands. We show the results for a sparse 3D seismic dataset acquired in Sweden. The 3D depth image allows us to track the known mineralizations beyond the known extent and gives new insights into the geometry of the deposit.