Articles | Volume 6, issue 1
Research article
06 Jan 2015
Research article |  | 06 Jan 2015

Analogue experiments of salt flow and pillow growth due to basement faulting and differential loading

M. Warsitzka, J. Kley, and N. Kukowski

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Cited articles

Adam, J., Urai, J. L., Wieneke, B., Oncken, O., Pfeiffer, K., Kukowski, N., Lohrmann, J., Hoth, S., van der Zee, W., and Schmatz, J.: Shear localisation and strain distribution during tectonic faulting – new insights from granular-flow experiments and high-resolution optical image correlation techniques, J. Struct. Geol., 27, 283–301,, 2005.
Allen, P. A. and Allen, J. R.: Basin Analysis Principles & Applications, (Blackwell Science), 2nd edition, pp. 451, 2005.
Allen, J. and Beaumont, C.: Impact of inconsistent density scaling on physical analogue models of continental margin scale salt tectonics, J. Geophys. Res., 17, 1–22,, 2012.
Alves, T. M., Gawthorpe, R. L., Hunt, D. W., and Monteiro, J. H.: Jurassic tectono-sedimentary evolution of the Northern Lusitanian Basin (offshore Portugal), Mar. Petrol. Geol., 19, 727–754,, 2002.
Baldschuhn, R., Binot, F., Frisch, U., and Kockel, F.: Geotektonischer Atlas von Nordwest-Deutschland und dem deutschen Nordsee-Sektor - Strukturen, Strukturentwicklung, Paläogeographie (Tectonic Atlas of Northwest Germany and the German North Sea Sector): Geologisches Jahrbuch A 153, 3 CD-ROM, 88 pp., 2001
Short summary
This paper summarizes the results of scaled analogue experiments examining the kinematics of salt flow and the formation of salt pillows due to basement faulting and subsequent sedimentation. Our experimental results reveal that salt above a basement normal fault can flow downward or upward depending on the direction of the pressure gradient within the salt layer. Due to upward flow driven by differential loading, salt pillows can form above the higher basement block.