Articles | Volume 10, issue 2
Solid Earth, 10, 425–446, 2019
Solid Earth, 10, 425–446, 2019

Research article 22 Mar 2019

Research article | 22 Mar 2019

Linked thick- to thin-skinned inversion in the central Kirthar Fold Belt of Pakistan

Ralph Hinsch et al.

Related subject area

Subject area: Tectonic plate interactions, magma genesis, and lithosphere deformation at all scales | Editorial team: Structural geology and tectonics, rock physics, experimental deformation | Discipline: Structural geology
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Cited articles

Ahmad, A., Ali, M., Baitu, A. H., and Sardar, N.: Tectono-Stratigraphic Model for Ghazij Formation and its Implication on Hydrocarbon Exploration in Kirthar Foldbelt, Pakistan, AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90155, AAPG International Conference & Exhibition, Singapore, 16–19 September 2012, 20 pp., 2012. 
Ambraseys, N. and Bilham, R.: Earthquakes and associated deformation in northern Baluchistan, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 93, 1573–1605, 2003. 
Banks, C. J. and Warburton, J.: “Passive-roof” duplex geometry in the frontal structures of the Kirthar and Sulaiman mountain belt, Pakistan, J. Struct. Geol., 8, 229–237, 1986. 
Bannert, D., Cheema, A., Ahmed, A., and Schafer, U.: The structural development of the western fold belt, Pakistan, Geologisches Jahrbuch Reihe B, 80, 3–60, 1992. 
Buchanan, P. G. and Warburton, J.: The influence of pre-existing basin architecture in the development of the Papuan fold and thrust belt: implications for petroleum prospectivity, on: Petroleum Exploration, Development and Production in Papua New Guinea, edited by: Buchanan, P. G., Proceedings of the Third PNG Petroleum Convention, Port Moresby, 89–109, 1996. 
Short summary
We use surface and geophysical subsurface data to constrain the structure and evolution of the central Kirthar Fold Belt, a mountain belt on the western margin of the Indian Plate in Pakistan. It can be shown that the extension phase prior to the collision of India with Asia has a major impact on how the rocks deform today. The inherited structures in the crystalline basement reactivate in an opposite sense and complexly deform the sedimentary rocks that have deposited before collision.