Articles | Volume 11, issue 5
Research article
12 Oct 2020
Research article |  | 12 Oct 2020

Geologic characterization of nonconformities using outcrop and core analogs: hydrologic implications for injection-induced seismicity

Elizabeth S. Petrie, Kelly K. Bradbury, Laura Cuccio, Kayla Smith, James P. Evans, John P. Ortiz, Kellie Kerner, Mark Person, and Peter Mozley

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Cited articles

Abousif, A. M. A.: Mineral and geochemical attributes of the midcontinent rift sequence; An application for deep carbon dioxide sequestration, Ph.D. Dissertation, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, 240 p., 2015. 
Anderson, R.: U.S. Geological Survey Airborne Study of Northeast Iowa, Iowa Geological & Water Survey, available at: (last access: 20 June 2020), 2012. 
Armstrong, A. K. and Mamet, B. L.: Biostratigraphy of the Arroyo Peñasco Group, Lower Carboniferous (Mississippian), north-central New Mexico, Ghost Ranch N. M. Geol. Soc. Guidebook, 25, 145–158, 1974. 
Baltz, E. H. and Myers, D. A.: Stratigraphic framework of upper Paleozoic rocks, southeastern Sangre de Cristo Mountains, New Mexico, with a section on speculations and implications for regional interpretation of Ancestral Rocky Mountains paleotectonics, New Mexico, Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources Memoir 48, 272 p., Socorro, New Mexico, USA, 1999. 
Barnes, D. A., Bacon, D. H., and Kelley, S. R.: Geological sequestration of carbon dioxide in the Cambrian Mount Simon Sandstone: Regional storage capacity, site characterization, and large-scale injection feasibility, Michigan Basin, Environ. Geosci., 16, 163–183, 2009. 
Short summary
A summary of observed rock properties across the contact between crystalline basement rock and the overlying younger sedimentary rocks from outcrop and core samples is presented. The data span a range of tectonic settings and describe the rock types immediately adjacent to the contact. The range of features observed at these contacts can influence the migration of fluids. The observations presented here are critical for the safe implementation of fluid injection and geothermal production.