Articles | Volume 8, issue 1
Solid Earth, 8, 235–254, 2017
Solid Earth, 8, 235–254, 2017

Research article 23 Feb 2017

Research article | 23 Feb 2017

The deep Earth origin of the Iceland plume and its effects on regional surface uplift and subsidence

Nicholas Barnett-Moore et al.

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Cited articles

Anell, I., Thybo, H., and Artemieva, I.: Cenozoic uplift and subsidence in the North Atlantic region: geological evidence revisited, Tectonophysics, 474, 78–105, 2009.
Artemieva, I. M.: Global 1  ×  1 thermal model TC1 for the continental lithosphere: implications for lithosphere secular evolution, Tectonophysics, 416, 245–277, 2006.
Barnett-Moore, N., Müller, R. D., Williams, S., Skogseid, J., and Seton, M.: A reconstruction of the North Atlantic since the earliest Jurassic, Basin Res., 1–26,, 2016.
Bertram, G. and Milton, N.: Reconstructing basin evolution from sedimentary thickness; the importance of palaeobathymetric control, with reference to the North Sea, Basin Res., 1, 247–257, 1988.
Bower, D. J., Gurnis, M., and Seton, M.: Lower mantle structure from paleogeographically constrained dynamic Earth models, Geochem. Geophy. Geosy., 14, 44–63, 2013.
Short summary
We use 3D mantle flow models to investigate the evolution of the Iceland plume in the North Atlantic. Results show that over the last ~ 100 Myr a remarkably stable pattern of flow in the lowermost mantle beneath the region resulted in the formation of a plume nucleation site. At the surface, a model plume compared to published observables indicates that its large plume head, ~ 2500 km in diameter, arriving beneath eastern Greenland in the Palaeocene, can account for the volcanic record and uplift.