Articles | Volume 9, issue 2
Solid Earth, 9, 505–529, 2018
Solid Earth, 9, 505–529, 2018

Research article 26 Apr 2018

Research article | 26 Apr 2018

High stresses stored in fault zones: example of the Nojima fault (Japan)

Anne-Marie Boullier et al.

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Cited articles

Aben, F. M., Doan, M.-L., Mitchell, T. M., Toussaint, R., Reuschlé, T., Fondriest, M., Gratier, J.-P., and Renard, F.: Dynamic fracturing by successive coseismic loadings leads to pulverization in active fault zones, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea., 121, 2338–2360,, 2016.
Aben, F. M., Doan, M. L., Gratier, J.-P., and Renard, F.: Coseismic damage generation and pulverization in fault zones: Insights from dynamic Split-Hopkinson pressure bar experiments, in: Fault zone dynamic processes: evolution of fault properties during seismic rupture, edited by: Thomas, M. Y., Mitchell, T. M., and Bhat, H. S., Geophysical Monograph, 227, American Geophysical Union, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
Amitrano, D. and Schmittbuhl, J.: Fracture roughness and gouge distribution of a granite shear band, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea., 107, 2375,, 2002.
Austrheim, H., Dunkel, K., Plümper, O., Ildefonse, B., Liu, Y., and Jamtveit, B.: Fragmentation of wall rock garnets during deep crustal earthquakes, Sci. Adv., 3, e1602067,, 2017.
Bachmann, F., Hielscher, R., and Schaeben, H.: Texture analysis with MTEX–free and open source software toolbox, Solid State Phenom. 160, 63–68,, 2010.
Short summary
The paper describes microstructures in granitic rocks located 50 m away from the Nojima fault in Japan. Although macroscopically undeformed, the sample displays evidence for intense dynamic damage at the microscopic scale. Elastic strain and high residual stresses stored in quartz grains suggest that they were produced by propagating rupture fronts associated with M6 to M7 earthquakes and contributed to the widening of the damaged fault zone along the Nojima fault during the Paleocene.