Articles | Volume 12, issue 1
Solid Earth, 12, 141–170, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-12-141-2021

Special issue: Faults, fractures, and fluid flow in the shallow crust

Solid Earth, 12, 141–170, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-12-141-2021

Research article 25 Jan 2021

Research article | 25 Jan 2021

Distribution, microphysical properties, and tectonic controls of deformation bands in the Miocene subduction wedge (Whakataki Formation) of the Hikurangi subduction zone

Kathryn E. Elphick et al.

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Cited articles

Ackermann, R. V., Schlische, R. W., and Withjack, M. O.: The geometric and statistical evolution of normal fault systems: an experimental study of the effects of mechanical layer thickness on scaling laws, J. Struct. Geol., 23, 1803–1819, 2001. 
Allmendinger, R. W., Cardozo, N., and Fisher, D. M.: Structural geology algorithms: Vectors and tensors, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2011. 
Amoco New Zealand Exploration Ltd: Special core analsysis of various formations including basic rock properties, capillary pressure, pore-size distribution, Development, M. o. E. (Ed.), Wellington, 1992. 
Anderson, E. M.: The Dynamics of Faulting and Dyke Fomration With Applications to Britain, Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, UK, 1951. 
Antonellini, M. and Aydin, A.: Effect of faulting on fluid-flow in porous sandstones – petrophysical properties, AAPG Bull., 78, 355–377, 1994. 
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We analysed a sedimentary rock package located in Castlepoint, New Zealand, to test the control of the tectonic setting on the observed deformation structures. In extension and contraction, we observed faults and small fault-like structures characterised by complex spatial patterns and a reduction in porosity and grain size compared with the host rock. With these properties, the structures are likely to act as barriers to fluid flow and cause compartmentalisation of the sedimentary sequence.